The Umbrella

I’m not on about the classic item of choice for classic British weather! But rather that Dyspraxia comes under an umbrella; such as Autism, Dyslexia, etc.

Umbrella is the term to group similar things together, for example:
Tiger, Lion, Lynx & Panther are all under the Cat umbrella.

So below is a(nother) list, this time giving the titles of greatness along with a short explanation.
They are summed up in a nutshell but it’s only there to broaden the understanding. The titles are now linked to a separate page that will dive deeper into the information.

All the following come under the ‘Hidden Handicap’ family (Especially Dyspraxia) . Which means that people with these Learning Differences can end up being missed just because they look all right on the outside.

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) & Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD)

Usually in children, as when the child grows up they can grow out of it (or grow into it and gain the ability to control themselves-however this isn’t the case for all and there are exceptions) The characteristics are lack of attention (or short attention span), impulsiveness and  hyperactivity*.
(*for ADHD)



Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

A pervasive developmental disorder characterised by impaired communication, excessive rigidity and emotional detachment.



Higher Functioning Autism [Asperger’s Syndrome]
(as-per-gers syn-drome)

A developmental disorder characterised by severely impaired social skills, repetitive behaviour, and often, a narrow set of interests, but not involving delayed development of linguistic and cognitive abilities. Aspergers Syndrome is part of the Autism Spectrum Disorder.




Inability or loss of ability to perform arithmetic (Mathematical) operations.



Inability to write coherently, as a symptom of brain disease or damage.


Impairment of the ability to interpret spatial relationships or to integrate auditory (hearing/listening)  and visual information.


Dyspraxia/Developmental Co-ordination Disorder (DCD)

Inability to perform co-ordination movements.



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