Dyspraxia

What is Dyspraxia & DCD?

 Introduction:

This is the bulk of the Blog. Much like the fruit in a fruit salad, the sun of any solar system. This page is what I consider the most important piece of my blog. This page holds all the cold, hard facts of Dyspraxia & DCD and, for easy-reading, I have broken it down into various categories and chapters. The biggest question that those with Dyspraxia get asked is ‘What is Dyspraxia?’ This page is dedicated to answering that very question.  

Dyspraxia in a Nutshell:

Dyspraxia is an impairment or immaturity of the brain which results in information not being transmitted properly.

The Aspects of Dyspraxia:

Dyspraxia can affect some or all of the following areas of development:

Dyspraxia and DCD Aspects

(Click image to enlarge.) Sensory, Coordination, Speech & Language, Physical & Stamina Emotions, Planning & Organisation and Processing.

Sensory:
Dyspraxia can have an effect on the senses, either making the brain over-react or under-react to certain sensory triggers. For example, light is overwhelming and causes pain. Further reading: There are at least 21 senses in the human body, all which can be affected by Dyspraxia. For detailed Intel click this link: Senses Page

Coordination:
One of the main ones for those with Dyspraxia. Coordination difficulty, whether it is small movements (like the finger movements, etc) or big movements (like walking) all those with Dyspraxia are affected differently.

Speech and Language:
 This is a combination of ‘Planning and Organisation’ and ‘Coorindation’ aspects in a way. Speech is planning out words and saying them, those with Dyspraxia can struggle with planning thought and that’s why sometimes we jumble up words. Also, the voice box uses coordination and with those specific difficulties, it can be difficult to speak clearly.

Social:
Social is a tricky business. With Dyspraxia we are quite different and unique, people can see this as ‘weird’ and use that as an excuse not to socialise with us. The other problem is saying things out of turn and general awkwardness comes naturally to us Dyspraxics and that makes it hard for us to socialise.

Processing:
Sensory is one part of processing our brains can have difficulty with. Another part is other types of information that brain has to process, like verbal instructions, for example, information can be easily forgotten – especially when there’s a lot to remember.

Planning and Organisation:
When it comes to planning those with Dyspraxia can have certain difficulties with it. It is also why we can struggle at starting a task because it’s difficult to plan it out.[/su_box]

Emotions:
I would say that we Dyspraxics are more in tune with our emotions, we can feel strong happiness and strong sadness – a double edged sword really. The thing is we can feel emotions for generally no reason, wake up feeling sad for example. Also, our emotions can be exaggerated more than it should be. On top of all that our self-esteem is very brittle so it can be very easy to put us into a state of anxiety and sadness.[/su_box]

Physical & Stamina:
Dyspraxia can also affect the physical side of life. I feel that this is more of a mental thing (because of a low pain threshold) but also our minds are working so hard and with over-stimulation from the environment can tire us out easily. I have a lot of energy but once I stop that’s when I feel the effects and find it very difficult to start up again. Personally, I see myself like a steam locomotive, it takes time and a lot of energy to start but once I’m at full speed there’s no easy way to stop me!

 

Different Dyspraxias and Apraxias

The major difference between Dyspraxia and Apraxia is this:
Dyspraxia is when the person is born with it, while Apraxia is a loss of a function (due to an injury, stroke etc). However, the conditions are much the same.

There are different types of Dyspraxia and Apraxia which I have listed below:

Ideomotor Apraxia (IMA):
Affects single-use motor skills (like waving, and using tools)

Ideational Apraxia (IA):
Affects a sequence of movements (like getting dressed)

Oromotor Dyspraxia (AKA Verbal Apraxia/Apraxia of Speech/Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia):
Effects speech, difficulty in pronouncing words, and being understood.

Constructional Apraxia:
Affects the ability to build and draw, despite understanding the task at hand – it’s just the doing part.

The Symptoms of Dyspraxia and DCD:

Below are two forms to explain what someone with Dyspraxia can struggle with. First, one is a Brainstorm that outlines some of the issues. The table below the brainstorm goes into depth on all the possible symptoms of Dyspraxia. (I’ll be aiming to get a video of explaining Dyspraxia at some point).

Please note: This is not for self-diagnosis and is for reference only, but if you find yourself ticking off several attributes then you should arrange to get checked out by a professional, like an Occupational Therapist.
(Speak to your GP to arrange a referral)

Also, bear in mind that Dyspraxics may not be affected by all that is stated below. Because Dyspraxia is a wide spectrum of different areas of problems and degrees they can suffer from each one it is very important to understand that each Dyspraxic person is different from the last. If you are going to help someone with Dyspraxia this knowledge is half the battle.

Brainstorm

Dyspraxia & DCD Chart (v1.2)
Dyspraxia and DCD Brainstorm

 

Table

I love tables! Call it a compulsion but whenever I make a document or a project then there has to be a table somewhere in it. I find them easy to read, crisp, professional, and clear which is so much better than just a wall of text. Below you’ll find a table of what Dyspraxics can face. You may save and share it if you so choose. If you’re having trouble reading the table there is a text version here: Click Here [/responsivevoice]

What is Dyspraxia?
Dyspraxia Symptoms; click image to enlarge

 

Dyspraxia and DCD Symptons
Dyspraxia Symptoms

  The Crossovers

You may notice that many of the symptoms with Dyspraxia cross over to other types of Learning Differences (such as Dyslexia, Autism, ADHD/ADD, etc). To help boost understanding I have dedicated pages to other condition here:  >>THE LINK<< 

‘The Empty Fruit Salad Bowl’

And so this is the end of this page, many thanks for having a read through and I hope, it has been a good insight into what Dyspraxia/DCD is. The Dyspraxia Foundation is a great place to seek out more information: www.dyspraxiafoundation.org.uk

13 thoughts on “What is Dyspraxia & DCD?

  1. Thank you so much for providing this blog! I am 21 and training to be an Occupational Therapist at university! After being misdiagnosed by an educational psychologist telling me I had learnt how to deal with all my problems when I hadn’t, I had an awful breakdown which meant that I had to come off of my practice placement which was awful, and eventually they diagnosed me with severe dyspraxia. I had no idea that Dyspraxia UK existed and that occupational therapists do their assessments. Or I would have definitely gone private! After getting this diagnosis, I have been able to make sense of this condition through mainly your site and I realise now that it means I have so many positive qualities too and that I will hopefully make a good OT. Thank you so much!!!!

    • It’s unfortunate that you got misdiagnosed, but it’s good to hear that you got the correct diagnoses. I’m glad my blog has helped provide information for you and I wish you all the best in your pursuit of being a OT.

  2. Thankyou for doing this, after several years of feeling rther stupid in a classroom after spending every hour of my day re-learning things, i was diagnosed by an ed psych as dyspraxic (after being diagnosed as dyslexic at age 7), however i can’t say i’ve ever really researched it too much, kind of makes me emotional seeing so much of myself in these symptoms. Anyway after literally begging my school, i finally got extra time in my exams and am going to study law next year! Anyway, its so nice to see others with the disability, often get misunderstood, so this is really refreshing!:)

    • Hi Ameliariley, thanks for your response it’s nice to see my blog reaching out to people. I’m glad you’ve got the diagnoses and finally the support you deserve! Hopefully in time more people will understand and having to fight for recognition will be a thing of the past. Thanks!

  3. your resources have been very useful to me in helping my daughter get the right support she deserves.
    thankyou

  4. Our daughter has full diagnosis of Dypraxia, Dyslexia & the Sensory side, shes 9 and in Primary school in the uk. She gets no classroom help whatsoever as the school say she can ‘cope’ We have had to get Childrens mental Health team involved as she clearly isnt coping but that help a little but dint change anything for her in school sadly. She comes home exhausted and frustrated everyday but as the school see her as having no ‘sen’ she is fighting this alone.

    • Hi Vicky,
      Many children with Dyspraxia fight alone, and from first hand experience I can understand your frustration with the school for not doing what they can for your daughter. In fact for a girl Dyspraxia is even harder than in boys considering the differences and the rarity. I suggest the best cause of action is to contact those who diagnosed her and see what they suggest, or contact the Dyspraxia Foundation…they have the resources and mounds of knowledge available to help you and your daughter. If that doesn’t work then maybe a change of school to one more equipped to help is the solution-of course I realise the complications of it and it’s a big decision to make.

  5. Thanks for taking the time to do this. I am a dyspraxic student at Cambridge University in the UK and your website has certainly helped me, and I am sure a great many other people. Keep up the good work.

    • Thanks Ben, I’m glad it’s helped you out. Please feel free to recommend to anyone you think will benefit. Also if you don’t mind do you get the adequate support at Uni?

  6. I will appreciate if you continue this in future. A lot of people will be benefited from your writing.

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