This is the bulk of the Blog. Much like the fruit in a fruit salad, the sun of any solar system. This page is what I consider the most important piece of my blog. This page holds all the cold, hard facts of Dyspraxia & DCD and, for easy-reading, I have broken it down into various categories and chapters. The biggest question that those with Dyspraxia get asked is ‘What is Dyspraxia?’ This page is dedicated to answering that very question.
Dyspraxia in a Nutshell:
Dyspraxia is an impairment or immaturity of the brain which results in information not being transmitted properly.
The Aspects of Dyspraxia:
Dyspraxia can affect some or all of the following areas of development:
(Click image to enlarge.) Sensory, Coordination, Speech & Language, Physical & Stamina Emotions, Planning & Organisation and Processing.
Dyspraxia can have an effect on the senses, either making the brain over-react or under-react to certain sensory triggers. For example, light is overwhelming and causes pain. Further reading: There are at least 21 senses in the human body, all which can be affected by Dyspraxia. For detailed Intel click this link: Senses Page
One of the main ones for those with Dyspraxia. Coordination difficulty, whether it is small movements (like the finger movements, etc) or big movements (like walking) all those with Dyspraxia are affected differently.
Speech and Language:
This is a combination of ‘Planning and Organisation’ and ‘Coorindation’ aspects in a way. Speech is planning out words and saying them, those with Dyspraxia can struggle with planning thought and that’s why sometimes we jumble up words. Also, the voice box uses coordination and with those specific difficulties, it can be difficult to speak clearly.
Social is a tricky business. With Dyspraxia we are quite different and unique, people can see this as ‘weird’ and use that as an excuse not to socialise with us. The other problem is saying things out of turn and general awkwardness comes naturally to us Dyspraxics and that makes it hard for us to socialise.
Sensory is one part of processing our brains can have difficulty with. Another part is other types of information that brain has to process, like verbal instructions, for example, information can be easily forgotten – especially when there’s a lot to remember.
Planning and Organisation:
When it comes to planning those with Dyspraxia can have certain difficulties with it. It is also why we can struggle at starting a task because it’s difficult to plan it out.[/su_box]
I would say that we Dyspraxics are more in tune with our emotions, we can feel strong happiness and strong sadness – a double edged sword really. The thing is we can feel emotions for generally no reason, wake up feeling sad for example. Also, our emotions can be exaggerated more than it should be. On top of all that our self-esteem is very brittle so it can be very easy to put us into a state of anxiety and sadness.[/su_box]
Physical & Stamina:
Dyspraxia can also affect the physical side of life. I feel that this is more of a mental thing (because of a low pain threshold) but also our minds are working so hard and with over-stimulation from the environment can tire us out easily. I have a lot of energy but once I stop that’s when I feel the effects and find it very difficult to start up again. Personally, I see myself like a steam locomotive, it takes time and a lot of energy to start but once I’m at full speed there’s no easy way to stop me!
Different Dyspraxias and Apraxias
The major difference between Dyspraxia and Apraxia is this:
Dyspraxia is when the person is born with it, while Apraxia is a loss of a function (due to an injury, stroke etc). However, the conditions are much the same.
There are different types of Dyspraxia and Apraxia which I have listed below:
Ideomotor Apraxia (IMA):
Affects single-use motor skills (like waving, and using tools)
Ideational Apraxia (IA):
Affects a sequence of movements (like getting dressed)
Oromotor Dyspraxia (AKA Verbal Apraxia/Apraxia of Speech/Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia):
Effects speech, difficulty in pronouncing words, and being understood.
Affects the ability to build and draw, despite understanding the task at hand – it’s just the doing part.
The Symptoms of Dyspraxia and DCD:
Below are two forms to explain what someone with Dyspraxia can struggle with. First, one is a Brainstorm that outlines some of the issues. The table below the brainstorm goes into depth on all the possible symptoms of Dyspraxia. (I’ll be aiming to get a video of explaining Dyspraxia at some point).
Please note: This is not for self-diagnosis and is for reference only, but if you find yourself ticking off several attributes then you should arrange to get checked out by a professional, like an Occupational Therapist.
(Speak to your GP to arrange a referral)
Also, bear in mind that Dyspraxics may not be affected by all that is stated below. Because Dyspraxia is a wide spectrum of different areas of problems and degrees they can suffer from each one it is very important to understand that each Dyspraxic person is different from the last. If you are going to help someone with Dyspraxia this knowledge is half the battle.
I love tables! Call it a compulsion but whenever I make a document or a project then there has to be a table somewhere in it. I find them easy to read, crisp, professional, and clear which is so much better than just a wall of text. Below you’ll find a table of what Dyspraxics can face. You may save and share it if you so choose. If you’re having trouble reading the table there is a text version here: Click Here [/responsivevoice]
You may notice that many of the symptoms with Dyspraxia cross over to other types of Learning Differences (such as Dyslexia, Autism, ADHD/ADD, etc). To help boost understanding I have dedicated pages to other condition here: >>THE LINK<<
‘The Empty Fruit Salad Bowl’
And so this is the end of this page, many thanks for having a read through and I hope, it has been a good insight into what Dyspraxia/DCD is. The Dyspraxia Foundation is a great place to seek out more information: www.dyspraxiafoundation.org.uk